Creating the Codes
I initially started with five major codes for freelancing that were derived from my broad-
based conversational questions and areas of interests (Conversational Questions). These
main areas of investigation included geography, psychology, sustainability, aging and
creativity, and relationships as it applied to the freelance world. Then other sub-codes and
commonalities materialized from the dialogue such as finding balance, freelancers hiring
freelancers, negotiation, media education, future plans, and lessons learned emerged. The
extra codes have the potential to be used as subcategories.
Appreciative Reflection Timeline
With all the transcripts and bios approved by the end June 2011, I started working on the
appreciative reflections for each participant. As stated earlier, the intention was to focus on
the lessons learned and what was working for them. This information was extracted from
Atlast.ti codes mentioned earlier and served as the foundation for starting the appreciative
reflections. Carol’s was the first one that I attempted in June 2011 to test if the approach
worked and it did. My adviser would make comments and then I would correct and send
back to my adviser.
On an average, they were 6-10 pages in length and each would take a minimum of 2-3
weeks to write, and then my adviser would approve and corrections would take place. We
decided to send all of the corrected versions out around the same time to make our life
less complicated with deadlines and tracking.
Carol’s was the first one written in June 2011 and Sheryl’s the last in February 2012. We
then sent them off for approval at the same time in February 2012 and then the participants
were free to revise. The reflections started coming back between February and June 2012.
Appreciative Reflection: A Creative Collage of Narrative
The participants were interviewed at the height of the recession (2010) and all were
grumbling about compressed time and decreased wages. Given that many had decades
of experience, I decided to write the narrative through a reflective lens that allowed me to
frame their lives from an appreciative stance. In the appreciative reflection, in regard to their
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