stir for Ice, but are fast lock’d into their Harbours. Besides we can trade with South Carolina, and pay no Duties or
Customs, no more than their own Vessels, both North and South being under the same Lords Proprietors…
p. 168 we have as I observed another great Advantage in not being a Frontier… our sound near ten leagues over, though
the difficulty of that sound to strangers hinders them from attempting any hostilities against us…. A bulwark, which
secures us from our enemies. Furthermore, our Distance from the Sea rids us of two curses…. Muskeetos and the
Wormbiting which eats ships Bottoms out; whereas at Bath Town there is no such thing know; and as for Muskeetos, they
hinder us of as little Rest, as they do in England.
Letter to James Petiver of London
Bath County on Pampicough River
North Carolina April 12, 1701
Recd Aug 4 1701 Extract on Forwarding his Mail to Pamticough
Postscript Direct for me att pamplicough River in North Carolina to be left for me at Collonl Quarme’s in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania I shall (God willing) send you some collections by Octobr. By way of Pensilvania or Virginia.
p. 94 Lawson on Advantages from its being near Virginia, on bringing merchandize from England
One great Advantage of North Carolina is, that we are not a frontier and near the enemy; which proves very chargeable
and troublesome. Another great advantage, where we come often to a good Market, at the Return of the Guinea-Ships for
Negro’s and the Remnant of their Stores, which is very commodious for the Indian Trade; besides in Wartime, we lie near
at hand to go under their Convoy, to sell our Provisions to the Tobacco fleets; for the Planting of Tobacco generally in
those Colonies prevents their being supplied with Stores, sufficient for victualing their Ships.
As for the Commodities, which are necessary to carry over to this Plantation, for Use and Merchandize, are therefore,
requisite for those to have along with them, that intend to transport themselves thither: they are Guns, Powder, and Shot,
Flints, Linnens of all sorts, but chiefly Blues, Osnabrugs (coarse linen originally made in Osnaburg, Germany), Scotch
and Irish Linnen, and some fine: Mens and Womens Cloaths ready made up, some few Broad-Cloaths, Kerseys and
Druggets; to which you must add Haberdashers-Wares, Hats about five or six shillings apiece, and a few finer; a few
Wiggs, not long, and pretty thin of Hair; thin Stuff for Women, Iron work , as nails, spades, axes, broad and narrow Hoes,
Frows, Wedges, and Saws of all sorts, with other tools for carpenters, Joiners, Coopers, shoemakers, shavelocks etc. all
which, and others which are necessary for the Plantation. …You may be inform’d of and buy at very reasonable Rates of
Mr. James Gilbert, Ironmonger in Mitre Tavern Yard, near Aldgate. You may also be used very kindly, for your Cuttlery-
Ware and other advantageous Merchandizes, and your Cargo’s well sorted by Capt. Sharp at the Blue gate in Cannon
Street; and for Earthen Ware, window glass, grindstones, millstones, paper, ink powder, saddles, bridles, and what other
things you are minded to take with you….
Source electronic version of John Lawson’s book http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/lawson/lawson.html
Ch. 8. What was preserved in the Colonial Records – The NC Executive
Council, The Higher Courts, and the British Navy Admiralty Courts
Extracts from the Colonial records of NC executive council 1664-1734, ed. Robert J Cain 1984
p. 55 The inn of Andrew Duncan was located a short distance from Bath’s town gate on the great road to Edenton. Here
the Governor and his Council met in the inn’s long room, and here gathered the gentlemen of the town and country side to
smoke and drink or perhaps wait on some visiting dignitary forced by impassible roads to pause a few days in his travels.
There was also an inn at the ferry at Core Point, just south of Bath on the south banks of the Pamlico river, as well as
other inns and taverns half way to Edenton and halfway to New Bern.