5
TIMELINE for PORT BATH
Individual’s names in bold type and transcribed extracts from surviving documents are shown as italicized.

(1663) King Charles II granted Carolina charter for a new English proprietary colony, revised boundaries 1665
from Virginia south to St. Mary’s River, north of St. Augustine, which was then Spanish Florida. Land grant
given to eight court favorites and generals who helped him regains power.

(1669) Colonial Carolina Fundamental Constitution written by John Locke, Carolina first colony to legislate
recording of births and death and which also legalized slavery.

(1670-90) Explorers and Fur traders explore eastern North Carolina, Albemarle was the state’s first county,
followed by Bath and Clarendon, the first three counties named after three Lords Proprietors

(1694) Earl of Bath becomes a Lords Proprietor, Chowan planter Thomas Pollock named customs collector*

(1696) County of Bath created, established between Pamlico River and Albemarle River, first community known
as Pamlico, later known as BathTowne some years prior to 1705 incorporation.

(1697) Earl of Bath succeeds as Palatine of Carolina Colony, most powerful Lords Proprietor. Also March 8
Nicholas Trot commissioned naval officer 1697-1701 include, a vessel inspection Port Roanoke Sloop Sara Oct
1701

(1699) Henry Brabant, of Edinburgh new “comptroller his Maj. Customs”, Currituck River customhouse*

(1700) First Library in the state sent to Bath, actually two Bray libraries: one parochial and one layman’s for
clergy to use teaching children and adults, Over 1000 books sent by Rev. Thomas Bray founder of the Anglican
Society for Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. Gold stamped on each volume: Belonging to ye Library of
St. Thomas Parish in Pamplico. At some point Pamplico or Pamtico settlement renamed BathTowne.

(1702) Queen Anne’s War begins, increasing demand for Carolina naval stores, also known as War of Spanish
Succession

(1703) James Lee or Leigh First known Bath Customs collector commissioned by the Crown, sworn into office
1704 by Christopher Gale Chief Justice who was also a Bath Resident.

(1705) First town in North Carolina Bath receives town charter after David Perkins gets clear title to 160 acres in
the area, formerly part of the Seth Sothel land grant. John Lawson draws up Bath Town Plan with Joel Martin,
Sr., and Simon Alderson, their English friends, French Huguenots and inter-colonial merchants buying town lots.
Bath County divided into three precincts with two General Assembly representatives each: Pamtecough,
Wickham and Archdale

(1706) Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions held in Bath for the first time, also 300 acres set aside as glebe for St.
Thomas Parish, first glebe in North Carolina

(1707) Horse drawn grist mill built on Christopher Gale’s lot, first industry in Bath

(1709) Instructions from Lords Proprietors to Colonel Edward Tynte, Governor of South & North Carolina on
Trade and Navigation Law in Carolina. Lawson publishes directions for sailing into all five major port inlets in
his new book A New Voyage to Carolina.

(1708-1710) Gov. Cary in alliance with Quakers had backing of Pamlico area residents

(1711) Deputy Gov Hyde arrives with commission to be Governor, first separation of NC/SC government from
province of Carolina. Cary Rebellion occurs with fighting at several locations. Royal Marines sent in. Drought
and yellow fever plague Bath area. John Lawson captured and killed by Tuscaroras on canoe trip up Neuse River.
Tributary, Contentnea creek. A fort built on Bath peninsula, reports of 200-300 widows and orphans garrisoned in
the town.

(1712) North Carolina made separate colony; war with Tuscarora Indians began, Pamticough precinct renamed
Beaufort precinct, Wickham changed to Hyde precinct after Governor Hyde came from England. Archdale
precinct changed to Craven. Christopher Gale appointed NC Chief Justice.

(1713) Treaty of Utrecht marks end of Queen Anne’s War. St. Paul’s vestry of Edenton and Rev Urmston of
Chowan try unsuccessfully to gain possession of Bray Library.

(1714/15) Tuscarora Indians defeated, moved north to join Iroquois nation and/or new Hyde County reservation

1715 Many new General Assembly laws affecting Bath, revised incorporation, revised lots, new beautification
laws, Port Bath created including Pamlico Sound, Neuse River and Pamlico River vessel traffic. Law passed to
build courthouses in both Hyde and Beaufort precincts. Bath given borough power (an extra separate
representative if sixty families inhabiting the town). Library law was revised with Board of trustees and a keeper.
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