76
Shortly after arriving in America, Europeans began trading with Indians in the backcountry. South Carolina
traders in particular sold Indian children and women as slaves to other colonies
and shipped them to West Indian sugar plantations. Colonists and Bath Fur
Traders hired Indian porters to carry their trade goods and traded beads and
colored goods for valuable fur pelts. Indian men, women, boys, and girls all
served as porters, because the Indians around the South did not have draft
animals like horses or mules. As soon as Indian children were able to tote an
eighty pound load of trade, they became a worker for the tribe. It was the way
trade was done. Eventually colonial furtraders with packhorses replaced
Indian porters. After Carolina roads improved wagons replaced packhorses in the 1720s and 1730s.
Evidently Tobit also known as Tobias was well liked on the plantation since the inheriting son modified the
indenture articles. This allowed him to continue his servant years with the family on the plantation giving young
Tobias food, clothing, and a place to live until he was a freed man. This Tobias Knight /Knighton would have been
twenty three the year Blackbeard was captured and killed. Oddly in the small colonial county seat with less than
sixty people, there was another young man with the same name, Tobias Knight of Bath. This Tobias owned a
plantation on Bath’s Town Creek plantation row, was Secretary of State, as well as friends with both Governor
Eden and Blackbeard. Perhaps they all were friends!
B IS FOR BOATS
A GLOSSARY OF TYPICAL SMALL CRAFT and SAILING VESSELS 18TH
C
RAFTS, SCOWS, FLATS, and FERRIES- would float downstream to
transport barrels and commodities from plantation to the port, tobacco, pitch,
tar, corn, shingles, and lumber. To go upstream used oars and poles, but in swift
current would have to be warped or poled up stream by ropes fastened
between trees on the river banks
CANOES, CANOOS, DUGOUTS and KUNNARS small size using
oars and paddles. Could be quickly made from logs.
PERRIAUGER small size used oars and paddles, but large ones with one or two mast s and sail could
carry up to 100 barrels of pitch or tar, used to transport horses cattle and goods from one plantation to
another, costing as much as 20 pounds NC currency .
SHALLOPS- one mast, small enough to be dismantled and mounted on decks of larger sailing vessels.
Appear in the Bath County deed books in wills as owned by colonial farmers and merchant-shippers.
Usually under twenty feet inlength.
SLOOPS one mast, very long bowsprit to add more canvas area, rigging copied from Bermuda sloops.
30-60 feet long, top speed 10 knots, crew of 4-20 men. Weight or burthen 6 to 80 tons, 6-15 cannons. shallow
8 foot draft. Most in Port Bath under 50 tons. The post 1761 shipping records say 1080 sloops passed
through Port Bath, min. 10 tons, max 95 tons, avg 33 tons.
SCHOONERS two masts, rigging copied from
Chesapeake and New England schooners, narrow hull, shallow
draft of 5 feet. Same gun capacity but smaller hold for goods.
Frequent on Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds and on the
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