77
Pamlico and Neuse Rivers.The post 1761 shipping records say 1006 schooners passed through Port Bath
with min. burden of 6 tons, max 126 and avg 41 tons.
BRIGANTINE or BRIG -two masts, average crew seven men, shallow draft with square and various sail
combinations. Heavier, longer, and roomier than the smaller sloops and schooners, rarely used in coasting
trade, more for West Indies. Adequate firepower and a larger hold meant the versatile ship used for trade
and occasionally as a pirate ship. 70-80 foot length, average 100 tons, 12 guns. E 1761 shipping records say
335 brigs and snows cleared Port Batrh, min. tons 40, max tons 178, avg 80 tons burden.
SHIPS, SNOWS, FRIGATES would have anchored in deeper water at the entry of Bath Creek or outside
inlets to rivers and sounds three or more masts, square rigged sails, average size 150 tons, . Slower and
heavier than sloops and schooners and brigs, owners and captains would compensate slow speed with more
cannons, traveling in convoys, and military navy escorts. Merchant carriers were up to 80 feet long, 275
tons, small crew of 20 or less. (Crittenden 1936, p 10-11). The post 1761 shipping records indicate 22 ships
cleared Port Bath with sizes ranging from 90 ton minimum burden, 250 max ton, and avg 136 tons.
BRITISH NAVY MEN OF WAR English warships were rated 1-6 depending on size and number of
cannons and number of gun decks. The largest warships with triple rows of 100 or more guns were
known as ships of the line. The smaller 5th and 6th rated warships with 20-40 cannon were often assigned
to do anti -piracy patrol duty or to accompany Carolina and Virginia tobacco fleets sailing as a convoy on
transatlantic crossings . Royal Navy protected merchant fleets full of passengers and cargo when they
sailed with prevailing winds to and from England several times a year. Depending on their destination and
the time of the year, transatlantic sailing ships either used the longer southerly trade route stopping by the
Canary Islands and Africa and returning the shorter northerly route from Boston to England, Ireland or
Scotland.
Image: English fleets of sailing ships. Dominic Serres R.A.1750s.
The HMS PEARL and the HMS LYME, two British Warships with links to Bath and Ocracoke. After
Blackbeard’s death Lieutenant Robert Maynard brought wounded Navy sailors and officers to Bath and killed
crew from the sloops Ranger and Jane were buried at Ocracoke.
In 1716 the HMS Pearl a fifth rated vessel British warship was commissioned under Captain George Gordon by
King George I. The Pearl sailed to Virginia in 1717.By 1718 the Pearl was stationed in Hampton, Virginia, under
Captain Gordon, and with Robert Maynard first lieutenant. Also the HMS Lyme was ordered to Hampton. That
year Governor Alexander Spotswood issued an order for the capture of the pirate Blackbeard who had taken the
King’s Pardon from North Carolina Govenor Eden. Blackbeard had supposedly retired from piracy and was
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