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GLOSSARY TYPICAL SMALL CRAFT and SAILING VESSELS
18TH
C
RAFTS, SCOWS, FLATS, and FERRIES- would float downstream to transport barrels and commodities from plantation to
the port, tobacco, pitch, tar, corn, shingles, and lumber. To go upstream used oars and poles, but in swift current would have
to be warped or poled up stream by ropes fastened between trees on the river banks
CANOES, CANOOS, DUGOUTS and KUNNARS small size using oars and paddles. Could be quickly made from logs.
PERRIAUGER small size used oars and paddles, but large ones with one or two mast s and sail could carry up to 100
barrels of pitch or tar, used to transport horses cattle and goods from one plantation to another, costing as much as 20 pounds
NC currency .
SHALLOPS- one mast, small enough to be dismantled and mounted on decks of larger sailing vessels. Appear in the Bath
County deed books in wills as owned by colonial farmers and merchant-shippers. Usually under twenty feet inlength.
SLOOPS one mast, very long bowsprit to add more canvas area, rigging copied from Bermuda sloops. 30-60 feet long, top
speed 10 knots, crew of 4-20 men. Weight or burthen 6 to 80 tons, 6-15 cannons. shallow 8 foot draft. Most in Port Bath
under 50 tons. The post 1761 shipping records say 1080 sloops passed through Port Bath, min. 10 tons, max 95 tons, avg 33
tons.
SCHOONERS two masts, rigging copied from Chesapeake and New England schooners, narrow hull, shallow draft of 5
feet. Same gun capacity but smaller hold for goods. Frequent on Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds and on the Pamlico and
Neuse Rivers.The post 1761 shipping records say 1006 schooners passed through Port Bath with min. burden of 6 tons, max
126 and avg 41 tons.
BRIGANTINE or BRIG -two masts, average crew seven men, shallow draft with square and various sail combinations.
Heavier, longer, and roomier than the smaller sloops and schooners, rarely used in coasting trade, more for West Indies.
Adequate firepower and a larger hold meant the versatile ship used for trade and occasionally as a pirate ship. 70-80 foot
length, average 100 tons, 12 guns. E 1761 shipping records say 335 brigs and snows cleared Port Batrh, min. tons 40, max
tons 178, avg 80 tons burden.
SHIPS, SNOWS, FRIGATES would have anchored in deeper water at the entry of Bath Creek or outside inlets to rivers and
sounds three or more masts, square rigged sails, average size 150 tons, . Slower and heavier than sloops and schooners and
brigs, owners and captains would compensate slow speed with more cannons, traveling in convoys, and military navy escorts.
Merchant carriers were up to 80 feet long, 275 tons, small crew of 20 or less. (Crittenden 1936, p 10-11). The post 1761
shipping records indicate 22 ships cleared Port Bath with sizes ranging from 90 ton minimum burden, 250 max ton, and avg
136 tons.
BRITISH NAVY MEN OF WAR English warships were rated 1-6 depending on size and number of cannons and number
of gundecks. The largest warships with triple rows of 100 or more guns were known as ships of the line. The smaller
5th
and
6th
rated warships with 20-40 cannon were often assigned to do anti piracy patrol duty or to accompany Carolina and
Virginia tobacco fleets sailing as a convoy on transatlantic crossings . Royal Navy protected fleets with passengers and
cargo would sail with prevailing winds to and from England several times a year, sometimes using the longer southerly route
off the Canary Islands and Africa and returning the shorter northerly route from Boston to England. We do know that
British naval officers in 1718 came to Port Bath including Capt. Brand and Lieut. Maynard. Maynard brought sailors via
sloop to Bath from Ocracoke for medical care after killing Blackbeard, Capt. Ellis Brand came by land .
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